Meranti (red)

The colour of Meranti heartwood varies sharply from dark red to light red-brown and from pale pink to pink-red. Given the diversity of tree types and their region of origin, for the Shorea red meranti species there will always be differences in shades and weights in a delivery of timber. The pink grey sapwood is 20-50 mm thick and distinct from the heartwood.

Properties of this timber species


  • Botanical name: Light red Meranti primarily Shorea leprosula / Shorea ovalis / Shorea parvifolia / Shorea smithiana, dark red Meranti primarily Shorea curtisii / Shorea macrantha / Shorea ovata / Shorea pauciflora / Shorea platyclados / Shorea singkawang and Shorea spec. div.
  • ATIBT name: Red Meranti

Quality requirements

  • For Red Meranti, a Dutch standard appeared in 1989 in the series Quality Requirements for Timber (KVH 1980; NEN 5483 'Houtsoort rode Meranti’)
  • Red Meranti is included in the list of approved timber species for application in wooden façade elements (SKH-Publication 99-05). This means that frames with a KOMO® product certificate can be manufactured with Red Meranti
  • Red Meranti is listed in BRL 1701 ‘Glued load bearing wooden building constructions’.
  • Red Meranti meets the requirements as specified in BRL 2902 ‘Laminated timber for non-load bearing applications’

Strength class

  • Red Meranti quality class A/B NEN 5483 is classed in Strength Class C20 (NEN-EN 338)


  • Inside and outside joinery, door and window frames, panelling, pegs, staircases, stair treads, coachbuilding and veneer for plywood


  • Resistance to fungi: class 2-4 (durable – poorly durable) for Red Meranti with a density of (600)-680-(730) kg/m³ at 12% moisture content , class 3-4 (moderately durable – poorly durable) for Red Meranti with a density of (490)-520-(550) kg/m³ at 12% moisture content.
  • Resistance to insects: Termites class M (moderately durable)


  • (300)-640-(860) kg/m³ at 12% moisture content
  • Fresh 750-950 kg/m³